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St. Regian (Paul Smiths, N.Y.) 19??-????, January 01, 2000, Image 22

Image and text provided by Paul Smith's College

Persistent link: http://pscpubs.paulsmiths.edu/lccn/sn89038522/2000-01-01/ed-1/seq-22/

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i 1903 Airplane, powered by gasoline engine, flown by brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright. ■ 1908 Model \T\ Ford introduced an affordable automobile for the mass market. • 1913 Federal income tax mandated with passage of the 16th Amendment to the Constitution. 1917 U.S. entered World War I on side of Britain and France vs. Germany and the Central Powers. • 1 9 1 9 Prohibition on the manufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages legislated by the 18th Amendment to the Constitution (repealed in 1933 by 21 st Amendment). a 1920 Station KDKA in Pittsburgh broadcast the first commercial radio program. « 1920 Women's right to vote guaranteed by the 19th Amendment in time to elect Warren G. Harding as president. 1955 Disneyland theme park opened in California. 1955 Montgomery, AL Bus Boycott ignited modern Civil Rights Movement for black Americans. m 1955 McDonalds restaurant opened in Des Plaines, IL. 7 1956 Elvis Presley melded country & western with rhythm & blues in his first rock hits \Hound Dog\ and \Heartbreak Hotel.\ • 1956 Interstate Highway System construction began to link America with superhighways. • 1958 Hula Hoop invented by Richard P. Knerr and Arthur K. Melvin. • 1959 Motown Records, \The Sound of Young America,\ was founded in Detroit. • 1961 Vietnam War engaged American military troops. • 1962 Wal -Mart discount store opened in Rogers, AR. ■ 1970 Kent State University (Ohio) protests against the U.S. role in the war in Southeast Asia left four demonstrators dead when the National Guard fired upon the crowd. • 1972 Women's Equal Rights Amendment was passed by Congress but not ratified by the required number of states within the mandated 7-year limit. • 1974 President Richard M. Nixon resigned from office rather than face impeachment on charges stemming from the \Watergate\ scandals which began two years earlier. 1979 \Rapper's Delight\ by the Sugar Hill Gang brought hip-hop music to mainstream pop musical charts. «* 1981 Personal computer introduced by IBM. n 1981 Music Television (MTV) debuted as a music video network. • 1929 Stock market crash ushered in Great Depression. 1931 Empire State Building erected in New York. • 1935 Social Security Act passed as part of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's “New Deal\ to provide federal unemployment compensation and old-age pensions. ■ 1941 U.S. entered World War II when naval bases in Hawaii were attacked by Japan. • 1948 Solid-body electric guitar designed by Leo Fender mass produced. • 1950 Korean War engaged American military troops. • 1953 Senator Joseph McCarthy (Wisconsin) began a series of congressional hearings to expose suspected Communists in American government. a 1963 President lohn F. Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, TX. » 1963 Martin Luther King, Ir. delivered his \I Have a Dream\ speech to the crowds at the Washington, D.C Freedom March for black civil rights. • 1964 The Beatles appeared on the \Ed Sullivan Show\ on television, launching the British Invasion in pop music. • 1966 National Organization for Women (NOW) founded to agitate for women’s equal rights. • 1968 Martin Luther King, Ir. was assassinated in Memphis, TN. Robert Kennedy was assassinated in Los Angeles, CA moments after winning the California Presidential Primary. • 1969 Woodstock Music & Art Fair attracted 500,000 rock music fans to upstate New York. • 1969 Apollo 11 landed astronauts on the moon. 14 1984 Coca-Cola changes soft drink formula, prompting protests which led to the reintroduction of \Classic Coke.\ • 1986 NASA space shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after launching, killing all aboard including the \first teacher to fly in space,” Christa McAuliffe. w 1991 Operation Desert Storm launched by U.S. and United Nations allies to oust invading Iraqis from Kuwait in the oil- rich Persian Gulf region. • 1999 President William I. Clinton impeached and charged with perjury and obstruction of justice. He was later acquitted on both counts. a

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